Client Area

IMPORTANT: The purpose of this policy is to describe the NIRA (“We”, “Our” or “Us”) rules for the registration and use of domain names within the .ng domain and its sub-domains (the “Policy”). The policy as amended from time to time form part of our Registrant Agreement and are part of your contract of registration with us.

Domain name Definitions

    1. <internet.com.ng> is a domain name (“Domain Name”). A Domain Name is made up of several levels of domains. In the Domain Name <internet.com.ng> the <.ng> is called the top -level domain, the <.com> is the second level domain and <internet> is the third level domain.

In the Domain Name <fourth.internet.com.ng> the domain <fourth> is called a fourth level domain and <.internet> is a third level domain, <.com> is a second level domain and <.ng> is a top-level domain.

In this Policy the terms top-level domain (“TLD”), second level domain (“SLD”) and third level domain (“3LD”) and fourth level domain (“4LD”) will be used accordingly

    1. The SLD is a sub-domain of the TLD. The 3LD is a sub-domain of the SLD. The 4LD is a sub- domain of the Third Level Domain.
    2. .ng Domain Names can be registered either directly at the .ng ccTLD or within a particular SLD. For example, the Domain Name internet.com.ng is registered within the .com SLD.
    3. Despite ‘c’ above the Executive Board of NIRA may auction or sell at premium price some domains on the second level or third level
    4. When an application for registration of a Domain Name is submitted to us by you, or on your behalf, you are an applicant. If your application is successful, we will register your Domain Name and you will be the registrant.

Registration of Domain names

    1. The Policy has been made by us in our capacity as designated manager for the .ng TLD with the authority of the Nigerian Internet Community.
    2. Each application by you for a Domain Name must be an application to register one 3LD within one particular SLD listed in Appendix A. Or in the case of section 1.c and 1.d above, application can be for a domain at the second level.
    3. Certain organizations have registered Domain Names with us and these organizations may offerto register a 4LD for you as a sub-domain of their Domain Name. We do not accept responsibility for any registration of 4LD by you with other organizations, nor do we control the naming of these 4LD by this Policy or otherwise.
    4. Each SLD listed in Appendix A has its own specific rules (“SLD Rules”). All of the SLD Rules form part of the Policy. Where there is a conflict between the Policy and the SLD Rules, the SLD Rules take precedence.
    5. If your application to register a Domain Name within an SLD listed in Appendix A is successful, this in no way entitles you to any right to or registration of any other Domain Name. For example an application to register the Domain Name internet.com.ng will not entitle you to a registration for the Domain Name internet.xyz.com.ng or the Domain Name internet.org.ng.

General Rules

    1. We reserve the right to check your application for compliance with the Policy either before or after your Domain Name is registered or renewed with us.
    2. We will accept applications which comply with the Policy and register Domain Names on a first come first served basis. This means that, except where set out in the SLD Rules, we will not vet your application to:
      1. restrict who may apply for and register Domain Names; or
      2. restrict which Domain Names may be held by you; or
      3. restrict the number of Domain Names which may be held by you.
    3. If your application is for a Domain Name which is identical to a Domain Name which has already been registered with us, your application will be rejected. Note that domain names are not case sensitive, so that internet.com.ng is the same as InTeRnEt.com.ng, and accordingly cannot be separately registered. Thus this Policy is drafted on the assumption that all letters are lower case.
    4. We do not impose restrictions on your status as applicant for the registration of a Domain Name in the following SLDs (“Open SLDs”):
      1. .com.ng; or
      2. .org.ng.
      3. .mobi.ng
      4. .name.ng

However, registration of domain names within the following SLDs are RESTRICTED to companies and business entities that are duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission and have been duly issued with a CAC RC Number.

These SLDs are

      1. .biz.ng
      2. .ltd.ng
      3. .plc.ng

Or any other such SLDs are designated by the Executive Board in conjuction with the Corporate Affairs Commission.

We do set out certain intentions regarding the class of applicant or use of registrations of the Domain Name which we assume you will comply with when applying for a registration of a Domain Name within an Open SLD. However, we will take no action in respect of registrations that do not comply with the SLD Charters. We may request certain information from you regarding your legal identity when you make an application for or seek to amend the registration of a Domain Name in the Open SLDs.

    1. For any application by you for a Domain Name within the remaining available SLDs listed in Appendix A (“Closed SLDs”) we do specify certain criteria in the “Requirements on Applicants” section of the SLD Rules which you must comply with before your application for a Domain Name in a Closed SLD can be accepted by us.
    2. As set out in our Registrant Agreement, we may cancel or suspend the registration of a DomainName if you breach any of the Rules.

Restrictions on Domain names

    1. If the 3LD in your application does not meet the requirements in this section then your application cannot be accepted by us.
    2. The 3LD may only contain the following thirty-seven characters (“Characters”) or a combination thereof:
      1. the twenty-six unaccented Roman letters (i.e. a-z inclusive);
      2. the ten western digits (i.e. 0-9 inclusive); and
      3. hyphens.
    3. The first or last Characters of a 3LD may not be a hyphen.
    4. NIRA does not offer Internationalised Domain Names for now and so domain names that start with the characters “xn--” (i.e. “xn” followed by two dashes) may not be registered.
    5. A Third Level Domain may not be one Character long. For example, an application to register 1.com.ng or a.com.ng would be rejected. Except offered by auction at the second or third level.
    6. For the SLDs com.ng, name.ng, org.ng, and net.ng, mobi.ng, a Third Level Domain may not consist of only two letters. For example, an application to register ie.com.ng, -a.com.ng or e-.com.ng would be rejected. Again as above an exception is allowed when offered by auction. Also NIRA would not offer for auction and two letter acronym which is a validly registered trademark in Nigeria.
    7. Until further notice, the Domain Name (e.g. internet.com.ng) may not be more than sixty-four Characters long in total, including the SLD and TLD. We intend to allow longer domain names, and would update the policy accordingly.
    8. For the SLDs com.ng, name.ng, org.ng, net.ng, mobi.ng and .i.ng, a 3LD may not be identical to any existing SLD (as listed in Appendices A,to the Policy), or any SLD under .ng the creation of which has formally been announced by NIRA. For example, an application to register org.com.ng or name.com.ng would be rejected.
    9. Irrespective of the above NIRA shall reserve the right to maintain the following list of domains that SHALL NOT be available for registration or will be withdrawn if registered already
      • Offensive names: This list shall contain words as determined by the NIRA board to be offensive first to the Nigerian community and then to the global community. ALL requests for domains under this list would be rejected.
      • Restricted names: This shall be a list of domains that may give a wrong impression if used. This could pertain to military, government or other related words. ALL applications for these domains would be rejected.
      • Premium names: These are domains with generic words but command premium value. These domains would be made available to registrants though a competitive bidding and auction process.

Appendices

APPENDIX A Our SLDs (second level domains)

Domain SLD purpose

    1. com.ng Commercial entities and purposes (Open)
    2. edu.ng Higher and further education and research institution (Closed)
    3. name.ng Personal names (Open)
    4. net.ng Internet Service / Telecoms Providers’ infrastructure (Closed)
    5. org.ng Not-for-profit entities (Open)
    6. sch.ng Other Academic institutions (Closed and at regional level)
    7. gov.ng National, regional, and local government bodies and agencies (Closed)
    8. mil.ng Military and related purposes (Closed)
    9. mobi.ng For mobile devices meeting .mobi gTLD standards (Open)
    10. biz.ng for Companies duly registered with CAC and have valid RC Numbers
    11. ltd.ng for Companies duly registered with CAC and have valid RC Numbers
    12. plc.ng for Companies duly registered with CAC and have valid RC Numbers

Specific Rules for registration in the .com.ng SLD

    1. Introduction

These are the specific rules for the .com.ng SLD, administered directly by us. They form part of and, in the case of conflict, take precedence over the Policy.

    1. SLD Charter

Domain Names registered in the .com.ng SLD are intended to be used for commercial purposes, and the 3LD are intended to reflect and be related to these purposes. This SLD would be fully open from July 5, 2008, before then only entities with Nigerian presence may register on this SLD.

Specific Rules for registration in the .org.ng SLD

    1. Introduction

These are the specific rules for the .org.ng SLD, administered directly by us. They form part of and, in the case of conflict, take precedence over the Policy.

    1. SLD Charter

Registrants in .org.ng are intended to be not-for-profit or public service enterprises, and a 3LD within this SLD is intended to be related to these enterprises and their activities. These may include, as non- exhaustive examples, charities, trades unions, political parties, community groups, educational councils, and professional institutions.

Specific rules for the .name.ng SLD

    1. Introduction

These are the specific rules for the .name.ng SLD, administered directly by us. They form part of and, in the case of conflict, take precedence over the Policy.

    1. SLD Charter

The .name.ng SLD is intended to provide a personal namespace within the .ng Top Level Domain. Unless Rules 8.d or 8.e apply, registrants of .name.ng domain names must be, and remain at all times, natural persons (a “qualifying person”), and shall not be recorded on the register as being the agent, trustee, proxy or representative for any person or entity (whether having an individual legal personality or not) which is not a qualifying person.

    1. No actions unless in accordance with the Charter

Unless Rules 8.d or 8.e apply, no registration, transfer, renewal or change may be requested to a .name.ng domain name, which would be in breach of Rule 8.b, and any such request, may be rejected. If, despite the previous sentence, such an action is requested and does occur, NIRA may reverse that action at any time in addition to any other rights NIRA may have by contract or otherwise.

    1. Charter
      1. Where, as the result of the DRS or judicial proceedings (of relevant jurisdiction) a .name.ng domain name is to be transferred to a person who would not qualify under Rule 8.b (the “transferee”), the transfer to, and continued registration by, the transferee shall be permitted provided that no use is made of that .name.ng domain name for any purpose, for so long as the transferee holds the domain name.
      2. To prevent a breach of Rule 8.d.1, NIRA may put the domain name into a special status e.g. by blocking the entry of any name servers onto the record for that domain.
      3. The transferee under clause 8.d.1 will be able to transfer the domain name to a qualifying person, in which case the specific restrictions imposed under this Rule 8.d will cease to apply.

Specific rules for the .edu.ng SLDs

    1. Introduction

These are the specific rules for the .edu.ng SLDs, administered directly by us. They form part of and, in the case of conflict, take precedence over the Policy.

    1. SLD Charter

The .edu.ng SLD is a closed one and reserved for ONLY tertiary academic institutions as approved and accredited by the relevant authorities like Nigerian Universities Commission (NUC), National Board for Technical Education (NBTE), NCCE and any other body as recognized by the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

    1. Rules

All registrations on the .edu.ng SLD would be at the 3LD. Various department or institutions under the qualifying institution may then be sub domains and NOT full domains.

    1. Requirements
      1. Registrants in the .edu.ng SLD are required to be approved and accredited Degree Awarding Tertiary Institutions. Notwithstanding the Policy, no Domain Name shall be registered in this SLD

Unless, in our reasonable opinion, the applicant is an approved/registered Degree awarding institution and the Domain Name registered is the same as or a similar variant of the applicant’s name.

      1. Without prejudice to any other test that we may apply, the applicant shall only be deemed an Approved/Registered School if the applicant:
        • is duly registered or incorporated under the relevant laws of the Federal Republic of Nigeria;
        • AND the applicant has a provisional or full approval by the relevant accreditation body and government for the provision of Degree awarding institutions. For example for a university, it must have an NUC approval.
      2. Any Domain Name registered in .edu.ng may only be used in the manner set out in this Clause, and we may suspend or cancel the registration if we believe it is not being so used, in accordance with the termination provisions set out in our Registrant Agreement.
      3. Each approved/registered tertiary institution may apply for multiple domains ONLY if it relates to the academic institution and NOT a department or unit of the academic institution

Specific rules for the .net.ng SLD

    1. Introduction

These are the specific rules for the .net.ng SLD, administered directly by us. They form part of and, in the case of conflict, take precedence over the Rules.

    1. Charter

This SLD is reserved for the computers of network providers, that are the network information centre (NIC) and network operation centre (NOC) computers, the administrative computers, and the network node computers.

    1. SLD Requirements
      1. Registrants in the .net.ng SLD are required to be Licensed Internet Service or Telecoms Providers. Notwithstanding the Policy, no Domain Name shall be registered in this SLD unless, in our reasonable opinion, the applicant is a Licensed Internet Service / Telecoms Provider and the Domain Name registered is the same as or a similar variant of the applicant’s name.
      2. Without prejudice to any other test that we may apply, the applicant shall only be deemed to be a Licensed Internet Service / Telecoms Provider if:
        • The applicant is either:
          • a company registered with the Corporate Affairs commission of Nigeria; or
          • a partnership as defined by the Partnership laws of Nigeria or
          • a sole trader;
        • AND the applicant is:
          • Licensed by the Nigerian Communications Commission for the provision of Internet and Telecoms services
        • Any Domain Name registered in .net.ng may only be used in the manner set out in this Clause, and we may suspend or cancel the registration if we believe it is not being so used, in accordance with the termination provisions set out in our Registrant Agreement.
        • The Domain Name must not be used in connection with any service provided by the registrant on behalf of any other entity. For example, the Domain Name must not be used as part of another entity’s e-mail address or URL.

Specific rules for the .sch.ng SLD

    1. Introduction

These are the specific rules for the .sch.ng SLD, administered directly by us. They form part of and, in the case of conflict, take precedence over the Policy.

    1. SLD Charter

The .sch.ng SLD is a closed one and reserved for both primary and secondary schools as designated and approved by various levels of government. In addition, schools accredited and approved by other agencies like the CPN are eligible for registration under this domain.

    1. Rules

All registrations on the .sch.ng SLD would be ONLY at the 4LD. This is due to the large number of schools and the similarities of the names. In addition, approving authorities for schools are at the local and state government levels. With all these, considered sch.ng SLD would have a qualifying 3LD based on the listed states in the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. For examples Mary Don School located in Surulere, Lagos state can register marydon.lagos.sch.ng. While Pillars school in Zaria can register as pillars.kaduna.sch.ng

    1. SLD Requirements
      1. Registrants in the .sch.ng SLD are required to be approved Primary, Secondary or other non-degree awarding institutions. Notwithstanding the Policy, no Domain Name shall be registered in this SLD unless, in our reasonable opinion, the applicant is an approved/registered non degree awarding institution and the Domain Name registered is the same as or a similar variant of the applicant’s name
      2. Without prejudice to any other test that we may apply, the applicant shall only be deemed an Approved/Registered School if:
        • the applicant is either:
          • a company registered with the Corporate Affairs commission of Nigeria; or
          • a partnership as defined by the Partnership laws of Nigeria or
          • a sole trader/registered business name;
        • AND the applicant is:
          • Approved and registered by the relevant accreditation body and government for the provision of Non Degree awarding institutions.
      3. Any Domain Name registered in .sch.ng may only be used in the manner set out in this Clause, and we may suspend or cancel the registration if we believe it is not being so used, in accordance with the termination provisions set out in our Registrant Agreement.
      4. Each approved/registered school is only allowed a single registration under the .sch.ng SLD.

Specific Rules for registration in the .mobi.ng SLD

    1. Introduction

These are the specific rules for the .mobi.ng SLD, administered directly by us. They form part of and, in the case of conflict, take precedence over the Policy.

    1. SLD Charter

Domain Names registered in the .mobi.ng SLD are intended to be used for access by mobile phones, and the 3LD are intended to reflect and be related to these purposes. Also published content on this SLD are expected to meet the specification as released from time to time of the Mobile Top Level domain corporation and as adopted by NIRA.

Specific rules for the .gov.ng SLD

    1. Introduction

These are the specific rules for the .gov.ng SLD, administered directly by us. They form part of and, in the case of conflict, take precedence over the Policy.

    1. SLD Charter

The .gov.ng SLD is a closed and limited only to the following

      1. Governments at all levels and
      2. Ministries, Department and Agencies at all levels as well.
    1. Rules

Registrations on the .gov.ng SLD would be both on the 3LD and the 4LD. Registration at the 3LD is ONLY permitted for the following

      1. The Federal government
      2. The State government
      3. Federal Ministries, Departments, Agencies and Institutions

For example justice.gov.ng, npc.gov.ng, ogunstate.gov.ng, nigeria.gov.ng, etc. For registrations on the 4LD this is available for the following

    1. State Ministries, Departments, Agencies and Institutions
    2. Local governments

For example, justice.lagos.gov.ng would be for the Lagos state Ministry of Justice. In addition, surulere.lagos.gov.ng and surulere.oyo.gov.ng would relate to surulere local government in Lagos and Oyo states respectively. The 3LD to be used by the 4LD would be the state names as derived from the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

    1. SLD Requirements
      1. Registrants in the .gov.ng SLD are required to be full government agencies and also have the approval of each tier of government.
      2. For Federal government registration, applicants are expected to also obtain clearance from the federal government entity setup for such approval, and present same during registration. For example NITDA.
      3. For State government registration, applicants are expected to also obtain clearance from the state government entity setup or designated for such approval, and present same during registration.
      4. For Local government registration, applicants are expected to attach a valid authorization from the local government, and present same during registration:

Specific Rules for registration in the .mil.ng SLD

    1. Introduction

These are the specific rules for the .mil.ng SLD, administered directly by us. They form part of and, in the case of conflict, take precedence over the Policy.

    1. SLD Charter

Domain Names registered in the .mil.ng SLD are intended to be used ONL for military purposes and as approved by the Nigerian military High command.